Breaking News
Home / Food / Salmonellosis Infection : The Facts Behind This Serious Food Poisoning Disease – HealthyEve.com

Salmonellosis Infection : The Facts Behind This Serious Food Poisoning Disease – HealthyEve.com

HealthyEve.com
salmonellosis infection facts food poisoning disease
HealthyEve.com

Salmonellosis Infection: The Facts Behind This Serious Food Poisoning Disease – HealthyEve.com

Tuesday, February 7, 2017

Salmonellosis Infection is an infection with a bacterium called Salmonella. It is one of the leading causes of food poisoning in Canada.

Most infected people suffer from stomach cramps, diarrhea and fever. These symptoms appear 12 to 72 hours after ingestion of the contaminated food.

Salmonella is found mainly in raw or undercooked foods: poultry, meat, seafood, and eggs. It can also contaminate vegetables or food left without refrigeration for several hours.

Domestic animals (especially birds and reptiles) can also transmit a Salmonella infection.

Usually, recovery occurs within 4 to 7 days, without requiring treatment. Infection, however, it is serious and even fatal for the elderly or sick as well as for infants.

Salmonellosis Infection: Sources of contamination

People who are staying in areas of the world where health conditions are deficient are at higher risk for salmonellosis.

Salmonellosis Infection: List of pathogens causing food recalls
1. Listeria monocytogenes
2. Salmonella
3. E. coli
4. E. coli 0157: H7
5. Staphylococcus aureus

Food. In more than 90% of cases, it is the consumption of food contaminated with animal excreta. Foods contaminated with Salmonella do not necessarily show visible alterations or suspicious odors.

These are mainly eggs (and products containing them), meat and poultry, are eaten raw or undercooked.

However, any food – including fruits and vegetables – may carry salmonella, especially if is washed with contaminated water or comes into contact with contaminated raw meat.

Even if meat has been frozen adequately, it may present risks. In fact, as soon as the cold chain broken, there is a risk of contamination. This is why summer is more conducive to contamination with salmonella.
Only baking can cause bacteria.

Immaculate hygiene during meal preparation so essential to prevent contamination.

Pets. Salmonella is naturally present in the intestines of animals. Many cases of salmonellosis in children, associated with birds or reptiles (especially turtles and iguanas but also lizards and snakes) that served as pets.

Contamination can be done simply by touching the animal (the skin of the reptiles is often contaminated) or its excrement, but this is not always the case. The mere fact of touching an object that comes in contact with the animal may suffice.

Transmission from one person to another. The risk is higher when the infected person prepares a meal for other people.

Generally speaking, Salmonella found all over the house as it is a resistant bacterium that can survive for some time outside a living host.

Salmonellosis Infection: Complications

Usually, salmonellosis has no serious consequences. However, the elderly, infants and the impaired may suffer more severely.

The most common complication is dehydration. It is therefore advisable to hydrate well as long as the symptoms persist. A few weeks may pass before the intestinal function returns to normal.

On rare occasions, the infection passes through the intestinal barrier and spreads to various parts of the body through the bloodstream. Antibiotics treated immediately with antibiotics.

Some people with salmonella can develop a form of reactive arthritis 3 to 4 weeks after infection: Reiter’s syndrome. It is, however, exceptional.

People who have already been infected with Salmonella often become asymptomatic carriers of the bacteria for some time.

This means that they have no symptoms but excrete bacteria in their stools. For adults and the elderly, this condition lasts on average up to 12 weeks after infection and up to 1 year for children 5 years and under. Less than 1% of people become chronic carriers.

Asymptomatic carriers may still be contagious but the risk is relatively low and the duration of the contagion period is unknown.

Another strain of salmonella, Salmonella typhi, causes a high fever called typhoid fever, rather than digestive disorders, but not discussed here.

Salmonellosis Infection: Symptoms

The symptoms of salmonellosis confused with those of several other diseases.

High fever;
Stomach cramps;
Diarrhea;
Nausea;
Vomiting;
Headache.
Signs of dehydration

Dryness of the mouth and skin;
Feelings less frequent urination and urine darker than usual;
Weakness;
Eyes hollow.

Salmonellosis Infection: People at Risk

Some people are more at risk of food poisoning. They struggle harder against infections. Special care is required when preparing food.

People with chronic inflammatory bowel disease or a condition that reduces the body’s natural immune defenses against Salmonella: Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, HIV infection, diabetes, cancer, etc .;

The elderly, pregnant women and young children;
People who have just received an antibiotic treatment because these drugs alter the intestinal flora. Those who take oral corticosteroids are also at higher risk;

Possibly, people whose stomach secretes less hydrochloric acid. The acidity of the stomach helps to destroy salmonella. Here are some possible reasons:
Use of antacids of the proton pump inhibitor type (eg Losec®, Nexium®, Pantoloc®, Pariet®, Prevacid®);

Absence of acid secretion by the stomach ], caused by chronic gastritis or other problem;
Stomach surgery to correct hyperacidity;
Pernicious anemia.

Salmonellosis Infection: Risk factors

Staying in a developing country;
Have a pet, especially if it is a bird or a reptile;
Season: Salmonellosis is more frequent in summer.

Salmonellosis Infection: Basic Preventive Measures

There is no vaccine to protect against food poisoning caused by salmonellosis.

It is therefore appropriate hygiene measures that will avoid contamination by food and animal excrement. From producer to consumer, all are concerned.

People with more fragile health must make sure to follow the hygiene advice.

Salmonellosis Infection: Hand Hygiene

Wash your hands frequently.
While preparing a meal, wash your hands before moving from raw food to cooked food.

Salmonellosis Infection: For foods

All foods of animal origin can transmit salmonella.

Avoid eating raw eggs (and products that contain them), poultry and meat;

Cook these foods until they reach the recommended internal temperature.

When preparing food:

Utensils used for the preparation of uncooked food should also be washed before use for other foods;
The surfaces and counters must be thoroughly cleaned: the ideal is to prepare the meat on a separate surface;

Uncooked meat should not be placed in contact with cooked or ready-to-eat foods.

The refrigerator should have a temperature of 4.4 ° C (40 ° F) or less, and the freezer, -17.8 ° C (0 ° F) or less;

Always wash fresh fruits and vegetables under running water before eating them;
Unpasteurized milk and milk products (such as raw milk cheeses) can also transmit salmonella.

It is advisable to avoid them if you are at risk (pregnant women, young children, sick or elderly people).

Published On

Tuesday, February 7,2017-21:45:30[London]

URL: http://www.healthyeve.com/Salmonellosis-Infection/

You Could Find More About This Article Via Useful Links: 

http://www.webmd.com/food-recipes/food-poisoning/tc/salmonellosis-topic-overview

https://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/160942.php

Related Articles: 

http://www.healthyeve.com/diarrhea-main-causes-possible-treatments/

http://www.healthyeve.com/fever-efficient-ways-stay-healthy/

http://www.healthyeve.com/crohns-disease-chronic-inflammatory-disease/

http://www.healthyeve.com/ulcerative-colitis-symptoms-risk-factors-prevention/

http://www.healthyeve.com/definition-diabetes/

http://www.healthyeve.com/10-tips-shape-first-trimester-pregnancy/

http://www.healthyeve.com/anemia-disease-symptoms-dangers-preventive-measures/

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

''Speak Your Mind''

0

User Rating: Be the first one !

About CEO HEALTHYEVE

CEO HEALTHYEVE is a content marketing and publisher professional at HEALTHYEVE.COM, an inbound marketing and sales platform that helps companies attract visitors, convert leads, and close customers. Previously, CEO HEALTHYEVE worked as a PUBLISHER AND MARKETING MANAGER for a tech software startup. He graduated with honors from a prestigious University.

Check Also

Smoking Side Effects

Smoking Side Effects: The Time Is Coming To Stop Smoking| HealthyEve.com

  Smoking Side Effects: The Time Is Coming To Stop Smoking| HealthyEve.com Thursday, August 25,2016 If …

imagine benefits royal jelly pollen propolis

Royal Jelly: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings| HealthyEve.com

Royal Jelly: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings| HealthyEve.com Sunday, August 28,2016 Discover the powerful …

performance super foods optimize workouts

Super Foods: Lists To Optimize Your Performance | HealthyEve.com

  Super Foods: Lists To Optimize Your Performance | HealthyEve.com Monday, August 29,2016 Optimize your workouts …

irritable bowel syndrome causes prevention treatments

Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Causes Prevention And Treatments – HealthyEve.com

 Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Causes Prevention And Treatments – HealthyEve.com Wednesday, August 31,2016 characterized by gastrointestinal, …

Sexually Transmitted Disease

Sexually Transmitted Disease : STD- Symptoms And Prevention | HealthyEve.com

 Sexually Transmitted Disease : STD- Symptoms And Prevention | HealthyEve.com Thursday, September 1,2016 Sexually transmitted …

White Hair

White Hair: Why My Graying Hair Growing? | HealthyEve.com

           White Hair: Why My Graying Hair Growing? | HealthyEve.com Saturday, …

Hypertension vaccine

Hypertension vaccine: A Vaccine Against Hypertension Will See The Lights soon | HealthyEve.com

Hypertension vaccine: A Vaccine Against Hypertension Will See The Lights soon | HealthyEve.com Saturday,September 3,2016 …

Organic Foods

Organic Foods: Benefits On Your Health | HealthyEve.com

     Organic Foods: Benefits On Your Health | HealthyEve.com Sunday, September 4,2016 When fears …

Calcium Benefits

Calcium: The Surprising Benefits Of Calcium On Your Health – HealthyEve.com

    The Surprising Benefits Of Calcium On Your Health Friday, September 9,2016 You may …

Infertility Disease

Infertility Disease : Causes, Inventory And Possible Treatments – HealthyEve.com

   Infertility Disease : Causes – Inventory And Possible Treatments Saturday, September 10,2016 SINCE THE …

Leave a Reply

Translate »
%d bloggers like this: