Breaking News
Home / Health A-Z / Onychomycosis Infection : Causes, Symptoms, Treatments And Possible Preventions

Onychomycosis Infection : Causes, Symptoms, Treatments And Possible Preventions

HealthyEve.com
onychomycosis infection causes symptoms treatments possible preventions
HealthyEve.com

 Onychomycosis Infection : Causes, Symptoms, Treatments And Possible Preventions

Wednesday, February 1,2017

Onychomycosis rarely heals without intervention. It can cause permanent damage to the nail.

People with a severely weakened immune system and people with diabetes who neglect to treat the infection run the risk of contracting a second infection called cellulitis (not to be confused with aesthetic cellulitis or “orange peel”).

Cellulite, in the medical sense, is a bacterial infection of the skin and underlying tissues that is accompanied by fever and redness. It requires immediate medical attention.

Symptoms

A yellowish or brownish coloration of a nail;
Thickening of a nail;
The change of form of a nail;
A friable and lusterless nail;
Pain when pressure is applied to the nail;
The nail can become black and separate from its bed.

People at Risk

Nails become more prone to onychomycosis with age, as they thicken and grow more slowly.

People with a family history of onychomycosis. Genetic characteristics have been associated with better resistance to onychomycosis;

People with an untreated athlete’s foot, another fungal infection that affects the skin located between the toes. A large-scale study indicates that about one-third of people with onychomycosis also have an athlete’s foot. It is suspected that the infection at the origin of the athlete’s foot may extend to the nails, and vice versa;

People who sweat profusely;
People with diabetes;
People who have poor blood circulation to the feet;
People with a weakened immune system, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) carriers.

Risk factors

Wear shoes or socks that retain moisture;
Inadequate foot hygiene.

Onychomycosis: prevention

Basic Preventive Measures

Mushrooms proliferate more readily in wet and warm environments. These factors must be addressed.
Wear shoes that offer good aeration and stockings that absorb sweat well. Prefer cotton or wool socks, which absorb moisture well.

Spray feet and inside of shoes with a powder or antifungal aerosol.

Change socks when wet.
Dry the feet off the shower.
Wear sandals in public showers in swimming pools and sports centers and on wet or damp surfaces.
Keep toenails short.

Disinfect instruments used to clean nails in alcohol solution.
Clean your hands after touching the infected nail. Do not share the bath towel. The infection can spread.

Do not apply nail polish to nails with onychomycosis. This may encourage the persistence of the infection.

Onychomycosis: medical treatment

Over-the-counter treatments can be tried, but are rarely effective. A doctor may suggest one or the other of the following treatments.

An oral antifungal (eg, itraconazole, fluconazole and terbinafine). The medication should be taken for 4 to 12 weeks.

This medication has an indication in case of onychomycosis matrix attack (attack of the nail located under the skin) and it is associated with a local treatment which will be continued until complete healing: the final result Is visible only when the nail has pushed back completely.

The cure occurs once in two, and once in four in diabetics and the elderly. These medicines can cause adverse effects (diarrhea, nausea, skin irritation, itching, hepatitis …) or a strong allergic reaction, in which case you should consult a doctor. Follow preventive measures throughout treatment and after treatment has been completed.

Medicated nail varnish (eg, ciclopirox). This product is available by prescription. It should be applied every day, for several months. However, the success rate is low: less than 10% of people who use it manage to treat their infection.

Topical medications. There are other medications in the form of cream or lotions, which can be taken in addition to an oral treatment.

Removal of the infected nail. If the infection is severe or painful, the nail is removed by the doctor. A new nail will grow back. It may take a year before it grows back completely.

Published On

Wednesday, February 1,2017-01:52:19AM[London]

URL: http://www.healthyeve.com/onychomycosis-infection-causes-symptoms-treatments-possible-preventions/

You Could Find More About This Article Via Useful Links: 

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1105828-overview

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onychomycosis

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p762.html

Related Articles: 

http://www.healthyeve.com/fever-efficient-ways-stay-healthy/

http://www.healthyeve.com/diabetes-facts-diabetes-complications/

http://www.healthyeve.com/best-tips-boost-immune-system/

http://www.healthyeve.com/aids-hiv-risk-factors-important-informations/

http://www.healthyeve.com/diarrhea-main-causes-possible-treatments/

http://www.healthyeve.com/hepatitis-overview-symptoms-prevention/

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

''Speak Your Mind''

0

User Rating: Be the first one !

About CEO HEALTHYEVE

CEO HEALTHYEVE is a content marketing and publisher professional at HEALTHYEVE.COM, an inbound marketing and sales platform that helps companies attract visitors, convert leads, and close customers. Previously, CEO HEALTHYEVE worked as a PUBLISHER AND MARKETING MANAGER for a tech software startup. He graduated with honors from a prestigious University.

Check Also

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea:Symptoms,Treatment,Risk Factors And More- HealthyEve

Sleep Apnea: Symptoms, Treatment, Risk Factors And More -HealthyEve  June 18, 2017 Sleep apnea is difficult …

contraceptive pill

Contraceptive Pill: All You Need To Know About ? And More – HealthyEve

Contraceptive Pill: All You Need To Know About? and More – HealthyEve Sunday, June 11, 2017 …

8 magical tricks to eclipse scars stains and dark circles

Dark Circles: The Best Magical Tricks to Eclipse Scars,Stains – HealthyEve

Dark Circles: The Best Magical Tricks to Eclipse Scars, Stains – HealthyEve Wednesday, June 7, …

detoxifying: best ways to detoxify your body naturally

Detoxifying: Best Ways To Detoxify Your Body Naturally

           Detoxifying: Best Ways To Detoxify Your Body Naturally Wednesday, June …

Superfit Lady: Woman 70s ,has incredible body - HealthyEve.com

Superfit Lady: Woman 70s,Who Has Eaten Sugar For 28 YEARS Has Incredible Body

Superfit Lady: Woman 70s, Who Has Eaten Sugar For 28 YEARS Has Incredible Body Sunday, …

Cold Shower:13 Best Reasons to Take In The morning - HealthyEve.com

Cold Shower: 13 Best Reasons to Take a Cold Shower in The Morning-HealthyEve

Cold Shower: 13 Best Reasons to Take a Cold Shower in The Morning-HealthyEve Sunday, June …

major medical cause slow metabolism

Major Medical Causes Of Slow Metabolism

         Major Medical Causes Of Slow Metabolism Thursday, June 1, 2017 Are …

cancer researchers accidentally found genetic cure baldness

Cancer Researchers May Have Accidentally Found Genetic Cure For Baldness

Cancer Researchers May Have Accidentally Found Genetic Cure For Baldness Tuesday, May 23, 2017 A …

blood donation scientists close unlimited supply stem cells

Is This The End of Blood Donation ? Scientists Close To Unlimited Supply From Stem Cells

Is This The End of Blood Donation? Scientists Close To Unlimited Supply From Stem Cells …

fly lands food stop eating immediately

What it Really Means When a Fly Lands on Your Food and Why You Should Stop Eating and Throw it Away Immediately

What it Really Means When a Fly Lands on Your Food and Why You Should …

Leave a Reply

Translate »
%d bloggers like this: