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New Therapy For Allergies Disease: Sublingual Immunotherapy
new therapy allergies disease sublingual immunotherapy

    New Therapy For Allergies Disease: Sublingual Immunotherapy

Sunday, September 25,2016

The spring should be about fun, but nearly one in four this season causes physical discomfort due to respiratory allergies . Fortunately, a new medical approach easy, accessible and painless first appeared in Quebec: sublingual immunotherapy.

Allergies are a real scourge with which many people must learn to live … The person who suffers from food allergies, seasonal or permanent (mites, molds) is systematically disturbed in their daily well-being and must learn to live with various symptoms: sneezing, watery eyes, congestion, itching and hives, asthma and other respiratory problems, etc.

In some cases, allergies can be particularly dangerous and even cause anaphylactic shock, sometimes fatal. For several years, some treatments are available to try to eliminate allergies in patients. The latest is called sublingual immunotherapy … What he is, and especially how effective is it?

The treatments against allergies

The vast majority of people with allergies are content with taking anti-allergenic drugs during temporary crises: in season for pollen allergies, or when they know they find themselves in the presence of a chat, example. Or they are simply trying to avoid triggers (nuts, eggs, etc.) and keep their EpiPen nearby in case of emergency.

Some people also choose to be “desensitized” by using subcutaneous immunotherapy. This method is exactly like a vaccine to be injected very small doses of the allergen responsible discomforts for the body to gradually get used to and can develop a tolerance to the allergen. Treatment usually lasts several years and the patient should receive a large number of bites before they notice improvement of symptoms.

 Immunotherapy : Short Brief

Immunotherapy involves the repetitive administration of carefully controlled doses of a substance to which one is allergic (allergens) to allow our immune system to develop a tolerance. Sublingual immunotherapy is based on the same principle of vaccines for allergies. This is the only way to “cure” our immune system or at least to influence the course of allergic disease.
Traditionally, these vaccines are given subcutaneous injections administered by a nurse or allergist himself in his office. Subcutaneous immunotherapy requires an observation period of 30 minutes for rare severe reactions but which require rapid medical intervention. Often, the allergist delegates to the family doctor that these injections are to be effective, to give several weeks early in the treatment of allergy and continuously for the first three years.

Respiratory allergies, spring scourge

Respiratory allergies are known to bring their lot of inconvenience to those who suffer. In this connection, about 25% of the population suffer multiple symptoms of allergies: nasal congestion, continuous sneezing, asthma, stinging the eyes and more. Then, to this day, there were very few satisfactory solutions to these problems. A new approach has entered the Quebec market: immunotherapy.

Immunotherapy, an effective technique to eliminate allergies

Immunotherapy, technical treatment of respiratory allergies, is an approach that seeks to suppress entirely allergy in the patient. Thus, the immunotherapy comprises administering on a regular basis, a previously quantified dose of the allergen. This approach aims to immunize the patient to the allergen by accustoming the body thereto.

The treatment may be given in two ways, by injection or sublingually. The first involves injecting small doses of allergens under the skin well before the arrival of spring. Then, people opting for this approach will make a visit to their doctor once a week, and over a period of 3 to 5 years.

The second approach used to deposit the allergen under the tongue and can be administered at home, but it is advised to follow the doctor every 4 to 6 months for a period of about 3-5 years. Unlike other approaches known to fight allergies, antihistamines (Claritin, Reactine, etc.) and corticosteroids (prescription drugs), immunotherapy is to eliminate the allergy rather than just hide the symptoms.

Sublingual immunotherapy, an advantageous solution and painless

Sublingual immunotherapy can be administered through tablets (available at pharmacies) or through drops deposited under the tongue. Unlike its counterpart, injection, it is painless and suitable for young children or people with a phobia of needles. Besides, from the age of 4 years, children are eligible for this treatment.

”the new thing is that we  can now easier than ever to help people with respiratory allergies such as allergy to pollen, dust mites or cat. It is no longer only control the symptoms, but to try to cure the allergy, to prevent the development of complications such as asthma and allow a return to normal life, ”

well, advances in treatments of allergies are proven and provide a better quality of life to those who suffer. Furthermore, a solution that will want even easier soon be appearing on the market: the oral gingival immunotherapy (iBG) by way of toothpaste.

The benefits of this treatment

Unlike subcutaneous immunotherapy which involves many discomforts (bites, travel), treat allergies with sublingual immunotherapy has many advantages:

No traveling needed since the treatment is done at home
No bites related pain
Particularly easy to administer to children

And what kind of allergies?

As is the case for all drugs, treatment against allergies is less effective and not recommended in some cases:

People with multiple allergies (over 3 known allergens) because it becomes difficult to adjust the dose
People with mild symptoms and uncommon (two weeks of discomfort in the spring, for example)
Children under 5 years
Old people
People suffering from degenerative or immune disease, cancer
Pregnant or nursing women should not start a sublingual immunotherapy treatment, but there is no cons-indication to continue treatment started before the beginning of pregnancy

Are there any side effects?

This treatment against allergies usually causes no dangerous side effects. However, about 9% of people may experience discomfort of light at the outlet. The body reacts as when in the presence of the allergen “naturally” asthma, urticaria, conjunctivitis. It is sometimes necessary to the prescribed doses. If symptoms persist during each take, the doctor will then recommend to return to the “traditional” method of subcutaneous immunotherapy because it is so framed in a clinic and therefore it is easier to monitor the patient after dosing.

Is it really effective against allergies?

Although this technique for treating allergies is still too recent to have been investigated over the long term, the results are quite positive:

Approximately 70% of patients see a noticeable difference in their symptoms. And even when allergy symptoms do not disappear completely, they decrease enough for taking antihistamines is unnecessary.

Published On

Sunday, September 25,2016-18:27:00[London]


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