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Chlamydia: The Sexually Transmitted Infection, Risk Factors and Prevention

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chlamydia sexually transmitted infection risk factor prevention
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Chlamydia: The Sexually Transmitted Infection, Risk Factors and Prevention

Thursday, October 20,2016

Chlamydia is sexually transmitted infection (STI) most common in North America and Europe. It is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. This STI is becoming more common and the number of cases increases for fifteen years. In Canada, more than 65 000 cases were reported in 2006. In 3/4 cases,IST in ¾ of cases, adolescents and young adults aged 15 to 24 years.

This infection is difficult to diagnose because the majority of infected people have no symptoms, and therefore do not seek. People infected with gonorrhea, bacterium causing gonorrhea, are also often by chlamydia. This is why the screening of the two diseases must be carried out systematically.

Although the infection is easily treated, it can cause serious health problems if not detected and treated early.

causes

Chlamydia is transmitted through oral sex, anal or unprotected vaginal, by sharing sex toys, through the exchange of body fluids and mucosal contact. It is rarely transmitted through oral sex.

Chlamydia can also be passed to newborns infected by its mother during birth.

possible complications

In women, untreated chlamydia can spread from the vagina to the uterus and sometimes the fallopian tubes. It then causes an inflammatory pelvic infectious disease. It can then cause infertility, increased risk of ectopic pregnancies and be responsible for chronic pelvic pain.

In men, chlamydia little cause inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis infectious) or testicles (epididymoorchitis), which can cause infertility.

In rare cases, the infection spreads through the bloodstream to joints, producing inflammation and this, in both sexes. This is Fiessinger-Leroy-Reiter’s syndrome.

Chlamydia infection increases the risk of HIV transmission. When a newborn is infected during childbirth, it may contract later a lung infection (pneumonia) or eye (conjunctivitis).

When to check?

If we had a sexual relationship at risk, unprotected, consult your doctor for screening tests.

Chlamydia is often called a “silent disease” because over 50% of men and 70% of infected women have no symptoms and do not know they have it. Symptoms usually appear within a few weeks, but they can take even more time before revealing.

The symptoms of Chlamydia

Chlamydia is often called the “silent disease” because over 50% of men and 70% of infected women have no symptoms and do not know they have the disease. Symptoms usually appear within a few weeks, but they can take even more time before revealing.

In Women

In most cases, no sign;
burning sensation when urinating;
unusual vaginal discharge;
Bleeding between periods, or during or after sex;
Pain during intercourse;
or lower abdominal pain in the lower back;
Proctitis (inflammation of the lining of the rectum);
Abnormal flow through the anus.

In Men

Sometimes no sign;
Tingling, itching of the urethra (channel to the bladder outlet which opens to the tip of the penis);
Abnormal flow through the urethra rather clear and slightly milky;
Burning on urination;
Pain and sometimes swelling in the testicles, in some cases;
Proctitis (inflammation of the lining of the rectum);
Abnormal flow through the anus.
In the newborn child that the mother transmits chlamidiae

Eye infection with redness and flows at that level;
lung infection that can cause coughing, difficult breathing and fever.

Risk factors

Having more than one sexual partner;
Having a partner who has other sexual partners;
Do not use a condom;
Having an STI in the past.
Between 15 and 29 years.
Being HIV positive
Chlamidiae have a surrogate mother (for a child to be born).

Prevention

Basic preventive measures
The use of condoms helps prevent transmission of chlamydia during anal or vaginal sex. Dental dams or condoms can also serve as means of protection during oral sex.
Screening Measures
The screening is done when we had unsafe sex or a new partner.

Screening should be done gets everyone going in a free and anonymous screening center (even if these people come for HIV testing), planning centers, orthogenic centers. In these places, 10% of people tested are positive for chlamidiae. Some doctors recommend screening as all pregnant women under 25 years.

Regular screening examination allows prompt treatment and prevent transmission of infection to new partners. In the case of a positive result, it is important to notify any person with whom you have had sexual relations and that may have been exposed. She will have to undergo an HIV test and be treated immediately, if it is infected. This is extremely important because this infection is not immunizing, you can catch it repeatedly. But in 84% of cases, a person who undergoes further contamination was by the same person as the first time!

Chlamydia can be detected both in men than in women, with a simple test.
humans are taken, the first jet of urine, and in women, the first jet of urine or it is made to perform a vulvovaginal self-collection.
Other withdrawals are possible at the opening of the urethra, cervix (with a gynecological examination) as well as auto rectal swabs or a levy in the throat.

Medical treatments and complementary approaches for chlamydia

medical treatment

Chlamydia is treated with antibiotics. Current recommendations are treated by:
– Azithromycin orally in a single 1 gram dose prescribed priority.
– Doxycycline 100 mg orally morning and evening, for a week. It has more side effects and failure to be forgotten.

The partners must also be treated. Sexual intercourse should be avoided or involve condoms for at least a week. The search for other STIs is also essential and the treated person should see his doctor later than 7 days after the start of treatment.
In 10-15% of cases, infection, even well cared persists. Therefore, two screening tests should be carried out again, about 5 weeks after the end of treatment and between 3 and 6 months after the end of treatment.

complementary approaches

Although the compounds of goldenseal appears to be theoretically effective against chlamydia, availability and effectiveness of antibiotics that make inappropriate choices.

Chlamydia – The opinion of our doctor

As part of its quality approach, HealthyEve.com adviced  you to discover the opinion of a health professional.
Chlamydia is the most common STI in Canada. It often produces no symptoms and is therefore still too often “underdiagnosed”. These long-term consequences, particularly on fertility, however dramatic. Remember that simple tests, noninvasive, from urine are easily accessible and enable rapid diagnosis.

And remember that you can be infected again if your partner has not been treated.

Published On

Thursday, October 20,2016-14:20:17[London]

URL: http://www.healthyeve.com/chlamydia-sexual…actor-prevention/

You Could Find More About This Article Via Useful Links: 

http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/stdfact-chlamydia.htm

http://www.webmd.com/sexual-conditions/guide/chlamydia#1

https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/stds-hiv-safer-sex/chlamydia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlamydia_infection

Related Articles: 

http://www.healthyeve.com/sexually-transmitted-disease-std-short-brief/

http://www.healthyeve.com/aids-hiv-risk-factors-important-informations/

http://www.healthyeve.com/hepatitis-overview-symptoms-prevention/

 

http://www.healthyeve.com/irritable-bowel-syndrome-causes-prevention-treatments/

http://www.healthyeve.com/infertility-disease-causes-inventory-possible-treatments/

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